WARNING: In the likely event of a world-ending zombie apocalypse, watch this video & teach students modal verbs and zombie survival skills! It’s every man for himself! (Intermediate level)
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Title of English / ESL Video:
How to Survive a Real Life Zombie Apocalypse
Target English Grammar:
Modal verbs of obligation, no obligation, advice, suggestions and options, prohibition, permission and strong recommendation.
Also known as:
– Modal auxiliaries.
– Modal auxiliary verbs.
– Modal helping verbs.
– Modal words.
Target words and phrases: have to, don’t have to, must, mustn’t, allowed to, not allowed to, can, can’t, should, shouldn’t, ought to.
Student Proficiency Level:
Intermediate level grammar
General English and Zombie Survival crash courses.
– Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
Summary of English Grammar: Modal Verbs
Approximate chronological order:
– Starts: 0:00
– Ends: 3:44
Rules and Explanation:
– Starts: 3:45
– Ends: 5:45
Meaning / Function (Definition):
Target grammar can be used for obligation, no obligation, advice, suggestions and options, prohibition, permission and strong recommendations.
Uses / Pragmatics:
Obligation: must, have to, have got to:
– Example sentence 1: You have to follow the Rule of Threes.
– Example sentence 2: You must find a place with fresh air.
*Must and have to have very similar meanings.
No obligation: don’t have to.
– Example sentence: You don’t have to be the fastest runner.
Prohibition: mustn’t, not allowed to, can’t.
– Example sentence 1: You mustn’t venture too far from your home.
– Example sentence 2: Make sure you use your left hand. Otherwise, you won’t be allowed to eat at the dining table.
*Must and have to have very similar meanings, but mustn’t and don’t have to have completely different meanings.
Permission: can, allowed to.
– Example sentence: Just because you’re allowed to enter creepy, old, abandoned buildings, doesn’t mean you should.
Advice, suggestions and opinions: should, shouldn’t, ought to.
– Example sentence 1: If you run over someone in your car at night, you shouldn’t stop and check to see if they’re ok.
– Example sentence 2: You should‘ve told me earlier.
Strong recommendations: must, have to, have got to.
– Example sentence: You‘ve got to try living on a boat.
Other Phrases for Advice, Suggestions and Opinions: You’ll want to, it’s in your best interest, take my advice.
– Example sentence 1: If it’s a zombie, you’ll want to keep driving.
– Example sentence 2: Either way, it’s in your best interest to keep on driving.